ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF GENDER IN COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT


ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF GENDER IN COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT

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ABSTRACT

This study had the objective of assessing the role of gender in cooperative development, analyzing the socio-economic profile of the cooperators on the basis of gender, assessing gender contributions to cooperative development in terms of membership, organizational and leadership structures, examining technical efficiency and factors hindering the implementation of gender sensitive program and activities

in Awka North Local Government Area of Anambra State. A field survey was conducted to collect data from one hundred and fifty (150) respondents. The study employed descriptive statistics, stochastic cobb Douglas frontier function as well as ranking method in the analysis of datan collected. The result of the study indicates that female cooperators, who are within the active age, are reasonably literate and dominate the leadership role in cooperatives. The result also shows that farm size and fertilizer use lead to increase in technical or productive efficiency among cooperators. The major constraint is gender imbalance or inequality,conflicting interests, low level of participation, wrong timing of meetings, and long distance to meeting venue.

The estimation of technical efficiency of the cooperators was estimated using cobb-Douglas functional form of stochastic c frontier model. The coefficients of farm size and fertilizer possess a positive sign, while gender possessed a negative coefficient and highly significant, although it does not confirm with a priori expectation, it shows that female cooperators contribute more to technical or productive efficiency of their enterprises than their male counterparts . Hypothesis was tested using chi-sqared X2. This paper recommends that cooperatives should address equality issues and make a firm commitment in their mandate to correct imbalances where they exist and to attain equitable and sustainable development with both men and women in decision- making and leadership position.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page …………………………………………………………………………..i

Aproval page ………………………………………………………………………….ii

Dedication ……………………………………………………………. ………….iii

Acknowledgement ………………………………………………………………..iv

Abstract ……………………………………………………………………………v

Table of contents ……………………………………………………… …………vi

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………1

1.1 Background of the study ……………………………………………………..1

1.2 Statement of the problem …………………………………………………….7

1.3 Statement of research question ………………………………………………9

1.4 Objective of the study ……………………………………………………….10

1.5 Statement of hypotheses …………………………………………………….10

1.6 Justification of the study ……………………………………………………11

1.7 Limitation and scope of the study ………………………………………….11

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW …………………………………………………..12

2.1 The nature of cooperative society …………………………………………..12

2.2 Development of cooperatives ……………………………………………….15

2.3 Cooperative development in Nigeria ……………………………………….20

2.4 Problems of cooperative societies …………………………………………..23

2.5 The role of women in cooperative development …………………………..28

2.6 Economic role of men and women …………………………………………29

2.7 Non-market role of men and women ………………………………………34

2.8 Concept of gender …………………………………………………………..35

2.9 Gender and development project in cooperative…………………………..37

2.10 Gender issues in cooperatives ……………………………………………..38

2.11 How to solve gender issues …………………………………………………39

2.12 Gender analysis and planning …………………………………………….40

2.13 Gender equity ………………………………………………………………41

2.14 Gender equity in millennium development goals ………………………..41

2.15 Gender inequality ………………………………………………………….43

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