CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF PATTERN OF LAND USE IN OSUN STATE (A CASE STUDY OF OSHOGBO)
The term “land” suggests different things to different people depending upon their outlook and their interest in the land (Barlowe, 1978). It is the sum total of the natural and man- made resources over which the possession of the earth surface gives control. It is the platform of all human activities – economic, social, spiritual or recreation, etc. in legal terms, land is often defined as the material of the earth, whatever may be the ingredients of which it is composed, whether soil, rock or other substances. In Osun State State, the high influx of people into the state for recreation and tourism has cause a high demand for commercial landuse especially in Oshogbo metropolis which is the centre for commercial activities. Beside, the high rural-urban migration has in the area has generated demand for smaller and other socio-economic activities, this has cause high demand for the land. A part from this, the unique characteristics of the area has equally caused investors not to abide to the planning laws have resulting to a negative look of certain parts of the area, fire explosive hazard, dust, noise and at the same time generating socio-economic problem such as parking on residential traffic and high cost of land. Beside, most investors paid whatever amount offered in the open market and this mostly affects other land users as they still buy land at the same price with the investors (Laiye, 2000). This situation has cause indiscriminate use of land without obeying the planning laws. Therefore, this paper critically analyzed the pattern of land use in Oshogbo municipality with respect to the major factors influencing the allocation of commercial land use in the area, rental value of commercial land and the various commercial land use in the study area.