DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTER BASED INCOME TAX


DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTER BASED INCOME TAX

ABSTRACT

This project topic is going to be research to know how computer help in income tax appraisal for small business   Operations. Like its mode of operation, its needs and how it help in solving problem in income Tax Appraisal system for small Business operators.

Tax Administration as know is done through various bodies and agencies.

This project also deals with the way computer provides a basis for an effective storage, update retrieval and general management of their records which means that it help in solving problems in the income Tax Appraisal system for small business Operators as;

1.         Lack of complete knowledge of the taxable population of the state.

2.         Tax evasion and avoidance

3.         Lack of training for the officials of the broad and non-utilization of available information.

4.         Lack of documents.

It also help to know how often tax are collected, the amount received from each individual and property and the total generated.

This project work is organized in chapter with topics and sub topics.

The first chapter of this work introducer the general view of the topic: the objective purpose and scope of the study were also explicitly stated.

The second chapter throws light on the literature

The third chapter deals with the description and analysis of the existing system overview of the existing system also the input, output and process analysis were stated.

The fourth chapter deals with the design of the new system.

The fifth chapter deals with the implementation, here program flowchart were X-drayed there.

The sixth chapter is a documentation of how to run the program and how to have it on the system.

The seventh chapter focuses on the recommendation and conclusion for further studies.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title Page

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTIONS

1.1 Background of the study

1.2       Statement of the problem

1.3              Purpose of the study

1.4              Objective of the study

1.5       scope of the project

1.6       Limitations of study

1.7              Assumption of study

1.8              Definitions of  terms

CHAPTER TWO

Review of related Literature

CHAPTER THREE

Description and Analysis of the existing system

3.1              General description and analysis of the existing system

3.2              Method of data collection

3.3              Objectives of the existing system

3.4       organizational structure

3.5       input process and output analysis

3.6       information flow diagram

3.7       problem of the existing system

3.8       justifications for the new system

CHAPTER FOUR

Design of the new system

4.1              Output specification and design

4.2              Input specification and design

4.3              File design

4.4              Procedure chart

4.5              System flowchart

4.6              System requirements

CHAPTER FIVE

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NEW SYSTEM

5.1       Program design

5.2       Program flow chart

5.3       Pseudo code

5.4       Source listing

5.5              Test run

CHAPTER SIX

DOCUMENTATION

6.1              System Description

6.2              Program Description

6.3              User quide

CHAPTER SEVEN

CONCLUSION  AND RECOMMENDATION

7.1              Conclusion

7.2              Recommendation

BIBLIOGRAPHY

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

The Nigeria economy is in crisis. The situation has been made wise by sanctions imposed on Nigeria by leading western Nations to force a return to democratic rule. These developments had it telling effect on the states. The states government are particularly in hardest hit due to the reduction in their percentage share of the national revenue in federation account itself.

For some time now government have geared efforts towards minimizing her dependence on oil revenue. Two study groups are set up in 1991 to review the entire tax system to enhance its efficiency and revenue field.

The importer government attaches to taxation has made it, that no annual budget is ever complete without introduction one tax measure or the other. The preventing situation of the state government has created an atmosphere of deep reflection and imagination in their attempt to booster and accelerate their internal revenue capacity.

The Board of internal Revenue, Enugu state have thus been reduced to an empty shall of what an ideal revenue board ought to represent input by government to the collection cost is virtually zero, but would want tax authorities to perform miracles. The life style/behaviour of the big shots in government are to say the least embarrassing this apathy by taxpayer tax officials affects yield. The entire globe is presently undergoing a technology revolution, which the computer system is at the center of it all. This automated machine, have finally introduce a standardized global acceptable information system known as information technology which is applied in various fields of human endeavour as Banks, Hospital, industries, Bill systems information Agencies, Aviation, Budgeting, Revenue collection and control, and if used in the Income Tax appraised system for small business operators, will improve the operation and information system of the Board of internal Revenue in the state.

The Oxford Advanced learner’s Dictionary by way of definition state that Tax is” (SUM OF ) MONEY (TO BE ) PAID BY CITIZENS (ACCORDING TO INCOME, VALUE OF PURCHASES, e.c.t)  TO THE COVERNMENT FOR PUBLIC PURPOSES”   

The  Board of internal Revenue of the state have thus been reduced to an empty shell of what an ideal revenue board ought to represent.  Input by government to the collection cost is visually zero, but would want tax authorities to perform march’s.

Computerization of income tax  appraisal system for small business Operators will eliminate the manual system of operation in the old system. It will encomage quick storage and retrieval of information unnecessary duplication of data, which is witnessed on the old system, will be reduced.

1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

            the Board of internal Revenue is by law charged with the responsibility for assessing collecting and accounting for all taxes of Enugu state. The overall duties of assessment collection and accounting lie with the chairman of Board of internal Revenue and entire officers at both the headquarter and in the field.

Assessment itself involves the art of ascertaining the taxable income of eligible individual and eventual determination of the tax due from the ascertained income.Computer Based Income Tax

1.2       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

In carrying out the duties of Board of internal Revenue there are some problems that are encountered in the income Tax office because of the manual process of handling records and information.Computer Based Income Tax

SOME OF THESE PROBLEMS INCLUDE

i.          Lack of computer knowledge of the Taxable population of the state.

ii.         Tax evasion and avoidance.

iii.        Unco-operative attitude of other government departments and Americas

iv.        misconception of the work of the Board and the living style of some of the leaders in government which make the tax paying individuals  to think that their tax is not properly utilized.

v.         Lack of training for the officials of the board and non-utilization of available information.

vi.        Lack of documents.

In the course of retrieving information of a particular document time is wasted searching through the heap of the files that contain information required.Computer Based Income Tax

Therefore, a computerized income Tax Appraisal system for small Business Operators will improve the quality of information generated in the system.Computer Based Income Tax

1.3       PURPOSE OF STUDY

The purpose of the study is to identify the problems involved in the Appraisal system of income Tax  for small business Operators and hence develop a computerized software to handle them.Computer Based Income Tax

1.4       SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM

            The task of income Tax Appraisal system varies from state to state. The scope of this work is therefore narrowed down to assessment for small business by the board of internal Revenue under auspices of Enugu state, which include the geographical area.

1.5       OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

            This project is primarily aimed at developing a computer Based income Tax Appraisal system for small Business Operators that will help in finding ways of making the Tax system effective and putting up measures that will help me government realize adequate funds for its development activities.

To achieve those aims, efforts will be made to

1.         Examine the income tax Appraisal system in Enugu state.

2.         Identify and the problems militating against effective tax assessment activities.

3.         Analyze the problems and recommend solution for the resolution.

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