THE EFFECT OF METHANE EMISSIONS FROM LANDFILLS IN NIGERIA


THE EFFECT OF METHANE EMISSIONS FROM LANDFILLS IN NIGERIA

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TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page
Certification i
Dedication ii
Acknowledgement iii
Abstract iv
Chapter One:
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background Information 1
1.2 Problem Statement 6
1.3 Research Objectives 7
1.4 Hypothesis 8
1.5 Significance of the Study 9
1.6 Scope of the Study 10
Chapter Two:
2.0 Literature Review

Chapter Three:
3.0 Research Methodology 30
3.1 Description of the Study Area 30
3.2 Research Design 30
3.3 Method of Data Collection 31
3.4 Data Limitation 31
3.5 Method of Data Analysis 32
3.5.1 Summative Approaches 32
3.5.2 Simple Percentage 33
3.5.3 Incremental Averages 34

3.6 Test of Hypothesis 34
Chapter Four
4.0 Presentation of Data, Analysis of Data and Discussion of Findings 36
4.1 Data Presentation 37
4.2 Data Analysis 39
4.3 Discussion of Findings 41
4.4 Test of Hypothesis 45
Chapter Five:
5.0 Summary of Findings Conclusion and
Recommendation 47
5.1 Summary of Findings 47
5.2 Conclusion 48
5.3 Recommendation

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Landfill fires are an ongoing, global environmental and health concern. The environment is threatened by these fires through toxic pollutants emitted into the air, water, and soil. They also pose a risk to firefighters and civilians who are exposed to the hazardous chemical compounds they emit. The degree of risk depends in part on the contents buried in the landfill, the geography of the landfill, and the nature of the fire (USFA, 2002). Municipal solid waste (MSW) generated in both developed and developing countries contains a greater percentage of organic materials (Table 1), although the organic portion is higher in the latter (Oyelola and Babatunde, 2008, USEPA, 2008). Because of the methods normally adopted to deposit, compact, and cover waste in landfills, the bacterial decomposition of organic waste is largely anaerobic, which results in the production of large quantities of methane and carbon dioxide (USFA, 2002).

Methane is highly flammable and plays a large role in the ignition of landfill fires. Landfills are the largest source of methane emissions in the United States, accounting for 35 percent of methane emissions in 1999 (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2001). MSW landfills generate about 93 percent of U.S. landfill emissions; industrial landfills account for the remaining emissions (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 1999).

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