EFFECTS OF AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF PHYSICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ITU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE


EFFECTS OF AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF PHYSICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ITU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

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ABSTRACT

This study investigated the Effects of Availability of Instructional Material in the Teaching of Physics in Itu Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. To guide the study, four objectives and null hypothesis were formulated and tested at 0.05 significance levels. The sample consisted of 150 Senior Secondary Teachers drawn from five (5) public and five (5) private secondary schools in Itu Local Government Area. The ex-post factor design was utilized to obtain data from the respondents to test the four null hypotheses concerning the problem independent t-test statistical techniques were used to test these questions, analyze and interpret the data. Finally, useful recommendations were made with the hope that if considered will prompt effective related studies to educational administrators, curriculum planners, teachers trainers and teachers in practice, which will at last serve as a sound foundation for Secondary Education.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page – – – – – – – – i
Declaration – – – – – – – – ii
Certification – – – – – – – iii
Dedication – – – – – – – – iv
Acknowledgement – – – – – – v
Table of Contents – – – – – – vi
List of Tables – – – – – – – x
Abstract – – – – – – – – xi

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study – – – – – 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem – – – – – 4
1.3 Purpose of the Study – – – – – – 5
1.4 Research Question – – – – – – 6
1.5 Research Hypotheses – – – – – – 7
1.6 Significance of the Study – – – – – 7
1.7 Research Assumption – – – – – – 9
1.8 Scope of the Study – – – – – – 9
1.9 Delimitation of the Study – – – – – 10
1.10 Operational Definition of Terms – – – – 11

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Theoretical Framework – – – – – 13
2.1.1 Concept of Instructional Materials – – – – 14
2.1.2 Classification of Instructional Media – – – 16
2.1.3 Instructional Media Selection – – – – – 18
2.1.4 Aim of Instructional Materials – – – – 26
2.2 Functions/Role of Instructional Materials
in Teaching of Physics – – – – – – 28

2.3 Availability of Instructional Materials in Teaching and
Learning of Physics – – – – – – 34
2.3.1 State of Instructional Utilization in
Teaching of Physics – – – – – – 37

2.4 Factors which Militate against Effective use of
Instructional Materials in Secondary Schools
Teaching of Physics – – – – – – 38

2.5 Suggestion for Improving the State of Instructional
Materials and Utilization in Secondary Schools – – 39

2.6 Summary of the Reviews – – – – – 40

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Methodology – – – – – – 41
3.2 Area of Study – – – – – – – 41
3.3 Research Design – – – – – – – 41
3.4 Population of the Study- – – – – – 42
3.5 Sample – – – – – – – – – 42
3.6 Sampling Technique – – – – – – 42
3.7 Instrumentation – – – – – – – 44
3.8 Validation of Instruments – – – – – 44
3.9 Reliability of Research Instruments – – – – 45
3.10 Data Collection Technique – – – – – 46
3.11 Data Analysis Technique – – – – – 47

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis – – – – 48
4.2 Hypothesis 1 – – – – – – – 49
4.3 Hypothesis 2 – – – – – – – 49
4.4 Hypothesis 3 – – – – – – – 50
4.5 Hypothesis 4 – – – – – – – 51
4.6 Discussion of Findings – – – – – – 53
4.7 Conclusion – – – – – – – – 54

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary of Findings – – – – – – 55
5.2 Conclusion – – – – – – – 56
5.3 Recommendation – – – – – – 56
5.4 Limitation of the Study – – – – – – 57
5.5 Suggestion for Further Research – – – – 58 References – – – – – – – – 59
Appendix – – – – – – – – 62

LIST OF TABLES
3.1 Number of Teachers in Public School/Code – – 43
3.2 Number of Teachers in Private School/Code – – 43
3.3 Cronbach-Alpha Reliability Estimates of Effects of
Availability and Utilization of Instrument Material – 46
4.1 A General Description of the Data from the Instrument
Administered on the Teacher – – – – – 48

4.2 Availability of Instructional Material Items – – 49

4.2B Qualification of Teachers Item – – – – 50

4.2C Ownership and Management of Secondary School Item 51

4.2D Class Size Item – – – – – – – 52

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