To discover and appreciate the hazard (i.e. problem) and prospect of journalism in Nigeria there is the need to know the history of journalism in Nigeria. In chapter, one we are going to discuss and define journalism so as to know what it deeply means. The definition of journalism will also be looked into and examine as well. The statement of problem will also be discussed likewise the classification of journalism in Nigeria and media of journalism will also be critically observed and discussed. Functions of the press are of great importance in the field of journalism in Nigeria, this will also be discussed in chapter two. In this chapters the freedom of the press will not be left out of the discussion likewise the hazards and prospect of journalism. In chapter three, the research methodology, research design, research procedure will also be critically looked into.



  •  THE VIBRANCY OF NIGERIA NEWSPAPER INDUSTRY: WHY NEWSPAPER BUSINESS STILL BOOMS EVEN WITH LOW AUDIENCE READERSHIP AND SUBSCRIPTION http://www.pressreference.com/ma-no/nigeria.html#ixzz0xchzeta By Austen Uche Uwosomah Student no: 6156464 Course Title: Media Systems in an International Comparative Perspective Instructor: Prof. Dr. Kleinsteuber, Hans Erasmus Mundus Master Journalism and Media within Globalization – The European Perspective University of Hamburg Date: 30 March 2010 1
  • Introduction: All over the world today, were newspaper is produced for mass communication and journalism, studies have suggested there is glaring dearth in production due to decline in readership. People are no loner reading newspaper hardcopies as much as before in this present age of ICT enhanced mass communication. ICTs like the cell phones and Internet which favour online newspapers, Blogs, Weblogs, Web 2.0, have overtaken journalism practices of mainstream print media. Mainstream newspapers have been complimented and almost replaced by online alternatives. Stakeholders and workers involved in mainstream newspaper production are no longer very optimistic about the future of the industry. As a consequence newspaper business is described to be less vibrant in most countries of the world. However, this is not the case in Nigeria where newspaper business still booms even with low readership and subscription. This boom is despite copies are not sold on large volume and that newspaper readership and subscription rates are low. I find this a very unique thing in Nigeria media terrain because empirical studies have shown that mainstream newspaper production in most part of the world is in decline due to drop in readership particularly in countries where newspaper had gone online because an Internet service is affordable to the citizens. Notwithstanding, in Nigeria, newspapers are still produced and distributed widely in the country. One wonders why this so when readership and subscription is at low gear. Why are newspapers in Nigeria booming in production despite that they are not read by a wide population? To whom are the newspaper distributed to? If many people do not buy or read newspapers, how does the newspaper companies n Nigeria realize profit to plough back for continual production? The foregoing questions will be answered in this paper so that I can present an explanation why there is still vibrancy in production and distribution of newspaper hardcopies in Nigeria whilst many other countries may be experiencing decline in production and distribution. Nigeria Media System Generally speaking, the type of media system present in Nigeria is a combination of the authoritarian and libertarian models as described by Seibert et al (1963). The two models combine because whilst there ample liberty of expression is allowed in print media, Nigeria authorities still exercise much control over the broadcast media. So in Nigeria, the authoritarian and libertarian media practices go 2



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