THE IMPACT OF THE INSTITUTE OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANT OF NIGERIA (ICAN) ON STANDARDS ATTAINED BY NIGERIA ACCOUNTANT (CASE STUDY INSTITUTE OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANT OF NIGERIA (ICAN) ENUGU BRANCH)
1.0 It has been thirty-nine years since the first group of professionally qualified accountants came into existence in Nigeria under the name “the association of accountants in Nigeria” this association was absorbed by our institute created by an act of parliament No 15 of 1956 which came into force on 1st of September 1965. the institute has over 17,000 member and 90,000 student on its register presently.
The institute of chartered accountant of Nigeria (ICAN) is the only professional accountancy body in Nigeria and its qualification which allows it members to call themselves chartered accountant is recognized around the world as a prestigious business qualification.
The institute has a laid down of the duties and objective such as to determine what standards of knowledge and still are to be affirmed by person seeking to become member of the accountancy profession and rising those standards form time to time as circumstance may permit to ensure that they meet international standards to secure in accordance with the pension of the act. The establishment and maintenance of fellows associates and registered accountants entitled to practice as accountants and auditors and public form time to time lists of those persons. Also to perform through the council of the institute all other function conferred on it by the act.
In other to determine standard the ruling I governing body of the institute called the council set out subject which are considered essential and which must be thoroughly assimilated by any prospective member.
To test a through group of this subject it involves level one level two the intermediate level final level part one and final level part two. The examination procedure later changes to foundation examination professional examination I(P.EI) professional exanimation II (PEII) and professional examination III (P.EIII) Now it has been changed to foundation I foundation 2 intermediate professional examination I and professional examination II
On the issue of obtaining the skill or practice if was formally required that a prospective matter enter into an articles of clerkship with principal in a public practice or work as an approved student under an accountant in public practice. However the need for adequate supervisor led to the introduction of the recognized training center (RTC) such as companies have training facilities and all firms of practicing accountant with at least one full-time practitioner.
This policy has sometime relaxed for now as more and more institute are awarded recognized training center in status.
Further the institute in now generally believed to be playing a positive and direct role in the training of future accountants considering the numerous achievement attributed to them such as the creation of second tier membership (accounting techniques) to cater for the middle cadre level.
The primary aim of this these therefore is to test the validity of this claim and to find is in actual fact ICAN is having a considerable impact on the standards attained by Nigeria accountants
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
For the purpose of this research work I have decided to find out among other things the followings:
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
In relation to the problem analyzed above this work aimed at achieving the following objectives.
1.4 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS
The following hypothesis shall be tested.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is my sincere desire that this research work will be vital important to the members of the public in general and to the accountants (both students practicing accounting) in particular in the following ways.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
SCOPE OF STUDY
In trying to carry out this research work without the time given it will not be possible to contact all the accountants in Nigeria as well as all the accounts in all the distract societies of ICAN. As a result if this fact the scope of study will include some Nigeria accountants in the country and also the head quarter of the institute located at new market road Enugu branch Enugu State.
In this process of carry out this research work the following limitation is inherent:
i. Time: Honestly time will be inadequate fir a research work of this nature. That is considering the time that will be spent in gathering data during the literature review and other necessary things that will require a lot of time
ii. Cost: This include transportation cost for shutting one place to another materials cost which in indeed a major constraint
iii. Comprehensive & Extensive Textbook: This is quite a big problem because book on this topic are presently scarce in the market. However effort will be made to find some books
iv. The Collection of the questionnaires may pose some problem as many respondent would promise different dates making the jobs more tedious nevertheless booking appointment for personal interview may receive cold welcome.
1.7 ASSUMPTIONS OF THE STUDY
In arriving at various conclusion in this work it has been assumed that all information gathered were true believing that the respondents gave the correct information to the best of their abilities
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS USED
A PROJECT: A project is a business idea well conceived properly identified and adequately document for the purpose of making and maximizing profit.
Again a project may be defined as a group of connected activities with a defined starting point a defined finish and need for central intelligence to direct it