MARITAL STABILITY AND THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA


MARITAL STABILITY AND THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

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Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between marital stability and J.S.S. 3 students’ academic performance in social studies in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Areas. There were one independent variables which included students’ academic performance, and one dependent variable which included marital stability. Marital stability had five sub-variables, job related variables had four, while teachers job performance had two. All these gave rise to five hypotheses. The variables in the hypotheses formed the sub-headings under which a literature review was carried out. Survey inferential design was adopted for this study. Using random sampling method through balloting technique, 500 respondents emerged as sample from a population of 1,016 subjects. Data collection was carried out using a researcher-constructed instruments called: Marital Stability and Academic Performance Questionnaire (M.S.A.P.Q). Having validated the instrument, a pilot test was conducted using 50 subjects, who were not part of the sample. Using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) for analysis, the data obtained gave a reliability estimate ranging from 0.56 to 0.90. All the five hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis (r), with the probability for upholding or rejecting of the hypotheses pitched at 0.05 level of significance. The research findings revealed that: Parental marital status does significantly relate to students’ academic performance; Family financial situation does significantly relate to students’ academic performance; Parenting style does significantly relate to students’ academic performance; Family size does significantly relate to students’ academic performance; Family cohesion does significantly relate to students’ academic performance. The study concludes that parents and all significant others should provide a healthy, peaceful and conducive home environment for the educational growth, development and progress of their wards in school, at home and in life generally. It was recommended among others that Parents should maintain intact marriage and family institutions for good parenting and to serve as models for younger generations especially, their wards; Parents should keep family types and sizes they can effectively sponsor, run and maintain bearing in mind the costs of good living for themselves and their children.

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