POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF 3 SENATORIAL DISTRICTS OF AKWA-IBOM STATE


POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF 3 SENATORIAL DISTRICTS OF AKWA-IBOM STATE

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE

Title page i

Certification ii

Dedication iii

Acknowledgement iv

Table of content vii

List of Tables x

Abstract xii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the study 1

1.2 Statement of Research problem 6

1.3 Objectives of study 10

1.4 Statement of Hypotheses 10

1.5 Significance of study 12

1.6 Scope and limitations 13

1.7 Definition of terms 14

References 16

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW/THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

2.1 Political parties as building blocks of Electoral politics 19

2.2 Variety in origins and development of political parties. 22

2.3 Party origins and development in established western

Democracies 23

2.4 Party origins and development in the developing world 26

2.5 Historical Background of Nigerian political parties 27

2.6 Theoretical Framework 32

2.7 Theoretical explanations of party and party system development 33

References 40

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Research Design 46

3.2 Population of study 46

3.3 Sample size/Sampling technique 47

3.4 Research Instrument: Questionnaire/ Interview 48

3.5 Validity and Reliability of instruments 49

3.6 Sources of Data 49

3.7 Techniques of data analysis 49

References 51

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4.1 Introduction 52

4.2 Data presentation 52

4.3 Test of Hypotheses 68

4.4 Interview Analysis 77

References 81

CHAPTER FIVE: FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1 Introduction 82

5.2 Summary and Discussions of findings 82

5.3 Recommendations 87

5.4 Conclusions 89

References 90

Bibliography 91

Appendix A: Questionnaires 100

Appendix B: Interview Schedule (Guide) 104

Appendix C: List of Political Parties 107

Appendix D: Statistical 111

LIST OF TABLES

Table No: Title Page

3.1 Edo State: Population and Sample Size by Senatorial

Districts and Local Government Areas 47

4.2.1 Distribution of Respondents by Sex 53

4.2.2 Distribution of Respondents by Marital Status 53

4.2.3 Distribution of Respondents by Age Group 54

4.2.4 Distribution of Respondents by Educational Level 54

4.2.5 Distribution of Respondents by Occupation 55

4.2.6 Belong to any of the Political Party 55

4.2.7 Which Part? 56

4.2.8 Presidential System and Strong and Vibrant

Opposition Parties in Nigeria 56

4.2.9 INEC and Strong and Vibrant Parties in Nigeria 57

4.2.10 Funding of Political Parties by Government and

Strong and Well Organized Parties in Nigeria 58

4.2.11 Organizational Structure of Nigerian Political

Parties is poor or ineffective 58

4.2.12 Cordial Relationship between and Among Nigerian Political Parties 59. Political Development

4.2.13 Level playing Field for Nigerian Political Parties 59

4.2.14 Nigerian Parties are Legitimate and well Disposed Towards the Citizenry 60

4.2.15 Ethnicity and Political Parties and Party System Development in Nigeria 60

4.2.16 Increase in Number of Political Parties and Quality and Outcomes of Elections in Nigeria 61

4.2.17 High Institutionalization of Political Parties and Party System in Nigeria 61

4.2.18 Nigerian Parties and Ideology 62. Political Development

4.2.19 Internal Democracy within Nigerian Political Parties 62

4.2.20 Nigerian Parties are Issue or Programme Driven Based 63

4.2.21 Political Parties in Nigeria are Elite/Patron Based 63. Political Development

4.2.22 Party Discipline and Nigerian Political Parties 64

4.2.23 Multi-Party System and the Nigerian State 64

4.2.24 Two-Party System and the Nigerian State 65. Political Development

4.2.25 Simple Plurality (FPTP) Electoral System and the Nigerian State 65. Political Development

4.2.26 Proportional Representation and the Nigerian State 66

4.2.27 Appointment of INEC Chairman and the President

of Nigeria 66. Political Development

4.2.28 Election Petition Tribunal and the Nigerian Presidency 6. Political Development

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